October 2004 - ITS Congress in Nagoya, Japan
The IP PReVENT played a part of the successful ITS World Congress in Nagoya, Japan (18-24 October), where it drew attention to its various activities at the IP and subproject levels. PReVENT also contributed to the International Task Force Vehicle Highway Automation workshop, which was held prior to the Congress and organised a dedicated meeting with JAMA to exchange information on research program level.
The Congress was a success for all participants, but especially for the Japanese organisers and participants who took advantage of extensive displays of Japanese ITS ideas and innovations. Over 6000 participants - including over 700 Europeans attended the Congress, while a series of ITS-related events – including specific opening days of the Exhibition and an ITS festival event attracted over 750,000 participants - giving a clear example of how the general public can be reached and educated about the benefits of ITS. Even the unfortunate typhoon which cancelled the Congress programme on 20 October did not dampen the ITS enthusiasm.
The Congress featured its usual selection of high-quality sessions, technical tours and social events. The PReVENT approach and results were presented in a Special Session dedicated solely to PReVENT and moderated by EC DG Information Society Project Officer Fabrizio Minarini. Edwin Bastiaensen, IP Management (ERTICO) presented the overall project approach and introduction, Core Group member Uwe Kaiser-Dieckhoff (Bosch) introduced the approach from the RESPONSE subproject as well as the results to date from the horizontal subproject MAPS&ADAS. PReVENT Coordinator Peter Konhaeuser (DaimlerChrysler) presented the latest results from the application- oriented subprojects and gave an indication of the requirements for active safety which are currently being drafted.
PReVENT was furthermore presented in the Special Session on Intersection safety by INTERSAFE subproject leader Ulrich Lages (IBEO) as well as in the Special Session on speed support and “next generation digital maps” by MAPS&ADAS subproject leader Vincent Blervaque.
The International Task Force Vehicle Highway Automation workshop
Prior to the Congress on 17-18 October, PReVENT participated in the annual meeting of the International Task Force for Vehicle Highway Automation, organised by Richard Bishop Consulting and co-chaired by Hiroshi Makino of the ITS R&D Division, National Institute for Land and Infrastructure Management of Japan (MLIT). During the meeting, coordinators and country representatives from Japan, USA, Australia, and EU-Member States presented their progress on the development and deployment of advanced forms of Cooperative Vehicle-Highway Systems and Automated vehicle operations. Besides PReVENT, other European activities such as INVENT, ARCOS, STARDUST, CYBERCARS and CVIS as well as national activities from TNO and the Dutch Ministry were presented.
A special slot was allocated to PReVENT and its subproject INTERSAFE. During the meeting it became clear that special momentum is given worldwide to the definition of the needs and requirements for cooperative safety systems. The US’s Vehicle Infrastructure Integration research program and the Cooperative Intersection Collision Avoidance Systems Program especially put a great deal of emphasis on this. PReVENT is contributing to this area with the activities WILLWARN and INTERSAFE, in which the cooperative system requirements for intersection safety and “fore-sighed driving” are defined from application point of view. Juhani Jaaskelainen from the European Commission presented the current plans for the 4th call on eSafety in the 6th Framework Programme, in which the focus will also be on Cooperative Systems.
Meeting with JAMA - the Japanese vehicle manufactures.
On Thursday 21 October the PReVENT management met with JAMA, to identify the relevant Japanese counterparts for discussion and identify potential issues for cooperation between PReVENT and Japanese activities. Mr Fukushima from Nissan Motor chaired the meeting at the Japanese side. He explained that JAMA’s focal concern is the promotion of Road Safety. JAMA is not only focusing on the introduction of expanded and improved safety provisions in vehicles themselves, but their interest also extends to safety measures of the road infrastructure as well. The JAMA ITS subcommittee is focusing on issues as standardization, user acceptance, human machine interface, frequency allocation and deployment of infrastructure communication systems. The Japanese have developed a roadmap, clearly showing the trend with the challenges moving from passive safety to control safety (ABS, ESP) to active safety (standalone applications as ACC, LKS) to cooperative driving support.
The relevant Japanese activities for PReVENT were the following:
- Advanced Smart Vehicle, which is currently in its third phase and is focusing on vehicle-vehicle communication systems, ending in 2005. The applications here are related to Crossing Collision, Right-turn Collision, Collisions with pedestrians. It is not sure if ASV will be followed by a new programme, starting in 2006.
- The second main research program is the AHS: Advanced Cruise-Assist Highway System, supported by the Japanese AHSRA & the Ministry of Land Infrastructure and Transport and 5 Automotive Manufacturers and 18 Electronics Manufacturers. Here, the focus is on automated highway services through 5.8 Beacon communications, using the infrastructure for electronic tolling and VICS.
- A new activity is the Driving Support Safety System (DSSS), which is lead by the Japanese National Police Agency and many road infrastructure Manufacturers. In this project, an intelligent infrastructure management system is developed giving warnings to vehicles through in-vehicle systems and variable message signs on the infrastructure.
- Another new recently started activity, is the Enhanced Digital Road Map project (EDRM), supported by National Institute for Land and Infrastructure Management (NILIM) and a number of automotive manufacturers, navigation makers, and infrastructure makers. Here, the objective is to develop high precision digital maps, with more actual data.